Astronomical events in 2024


The year 2024 is not rich in astronomical events, especially on the territory of the Russian Federation. The main part of the events are conjunctions of the Moon and planets, as well as meteor showers. It’s funny that in 2024 Venus will not have its greatest elongations at all! Saturn will oppose on September 8, Neptune will oppose on September 21, Uranus will oppose on November 17, and Jupiter will oppose on December 8. Solar activity is increasing, so the solar disk is covered with sunspots most of the time, and the likelihood of seeing the aurora increases many times over!

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Event time is Moscow (GMT+03:00).

January

Show
January 1 – Moon at apogee (farthest from Earth)
January 4 – Quadrantids meteor shower (most active)
January 4, 05:39 – last quarter of the Moon
January 11, 16:09 – new moon
January 12 – Mercury at western elongation (23°, morning visibility)
January 13 – Moon at perigee (shortest distance from Earth)
January 14, 11:46 — Moon 3° south of Saturn
January 18, 07:10 – first quarter of the Moon
January 19, 01:46 — Moon 3° north of Jupiter
January 25, 19:15 – full moon
January 27, 19:46 — Mars is 0.2° south of Mercury
January 29 — Moon at its apogee

February
February 3, 00:34 – last quarter of the Moon
February 8 – Alpha Centauri meteor shower (most active)
February 9, 00:46 – Moon 4° south of Mercury
February 10, 01:55 – new moon
February 10 — Moon at perigee
February 11, 03:46 — The Moon is 2° south of Saturn
February 15, 10:46 — Moon 2° north of Jupiter
February 16, 18:03 – first quarter of the Moon
February 22, 18:46 — Mars is 0.6° south of Venus
February 24, 14:22 – full moon
February 25 — Moon at its apogee
February 28, 11:42 — Mercury conjunct the Sun
February 28, 17:46 — Saturn 0.2° north of Mercury
February 29, 00:13 – Saturn conjunct the Sun

March
March 3, 18:21 – last quarter of the Moon
March 8, 07:46 — The Moon is 4° south of Mars
March 8, 21:46 – Moon 3° south of Venus
March 9, 21:46 — The Moon is 1.7° south of Saturn
March 10, 12:26 — new moon
March 10 — Moon at perigee
March 11, 04:46 — The Moon is 1.9° south of Mercury
March 14, 04:46 — Moon 3° north of Jupiter
March 17, 07:03 – first quarter of the Moon
March 20 – vernal equinox
March 22, 05:46 — Saturn 0.4° south of Venus
March 23 — Moon at its apogee
March 24 – Mercury at eastern elongation (19°, evening visibility)
March 25, 10:13 – full moon, lunar eclipse (not visible from the territory of the Russian Federation)

April
April 2, 06:15 – last quarter of the Moon
April 6, 05:46 — Moon 3° south of Mars
April 6, 13:46 – The Moon is 1.6° south of Saturn
April 7, 20:46 — Moon 0.0° south of Venus
April 7 – Moon at perigee
April 8, 22:27 – new moon, solar eclipse (not visible from the territory of the Russian Federation)
April 11, 00:46 — Moon 3° north of Jupiter
April 11, 06:46 — Saturn 0.5° south of Mars
April 15, 23:15 – first quarter of the Moon
April 20 — Moon at its apogee
April 23 – Lyrid meteor shower (most active)
April 24, 03:07 – full moon

May
May 1, 15:37 – last quarter of the Moon
May 4, 00:46 — The Moon is 1.7° south of Saturn
May 5, 04:46 — The Moon is 0.7° south of Mars
May 5 — Moon at perigee
May 6 – Eta Aquarids meteor shower (most active)
May 6, 11:46 — Moon 3° north of Mercury
May 7, 20:46 – Moon 3° north of Venus
May 8, 05:33 – new moon
May 8, 22:46 – Moon 4° north of Jupiter
May 9 – Mercury at western elongation (26°, morning visibility)
May 15, 13:01 – first quarter of the Moon
May 17 – Moon at its apogee
May 18, 21:54 – Jupiter conjunct the Sun
May 23, 12:46 — Jupiter 0.2° south of Venus
May 23, 15:42 – full moon
May 30, 20:10 – last quarter of the Moon
May 31, 12:46 — The Moon is 0.6° south of Saturn

June
June 2 – Moon at perigee
June 3, 01:46 — The Moon is 1.5° north of Mars
June 4, 13:46 – Jupiter 0.1 ° north of Mercury
June 4, 18:29 – Venus conjunct the Sun
June 5, 18:46 – Moon 4° north of Jupiter
June 5, 22:46 – Moon 4° north of Mercury
June 6, 16:53 – new moon
June 6, 19:46 – Moon 4° north of Venus
June 8 – Arietids Meteor Shower (most active)
June 14, 07:26 – first quarter of the Moon
June 14 – Moon at its apogee
June 14, 19:31 – Mercury conjunct the Sun
June 17, 15:46 — Mercury 0.9° north of Venus
July 20 – summer solstice
June 22, 05:23 – full moon
June 27 — Moon at perigee
June 27, 18:46 — The Moon is 0.3° south of Saturn
June 29, 00:13 – last quarter of the Moon

July
July 1, 21:46 – Moon 3° north of Mars
July 3, 12:46 — Moon 5° north of Jupiter
July 6, 01:28 — new moon
July 6, 03:46 — Asteroid Ceres at opposition
July 6, 19:46 – Moon 3° north of Venus
July 7, 22:46 – Moon 2° north of Mercury
July 12 – Moon at its apogee
July 14, 02:27 – first quarter of the Moon
July 21, 13:14 – full moon
July 22 – Mercury at eastern elongation (27°, evening visibility)
July 23 – Pluto at opposition!
July 24, 22:46 – The Moon is 0.6° south of Saturn
July 24 — Moon at perigee
July 28, 06:06 – last quarter of the Moon
July 30—Alpha Capricornids meteor shower (most active)
July 30, 15:46 – Moon 5° north of Mars
July 31, 01:46 — Moon 5° north of Jupiter

August
August 4, 14:36 – new moon
August 6, 01:46 — Moon 0.8° north of Venus
August 9 – Moon at its apogee
August 12, 17:37 – first quarter of the Moon
August 13 – Perseids meteor shower (most active)
August 14, 20:46 — Jupiter is 0.3° south of Mars
August 19, 04:59 — Mercury conjunct the Sun
August 19, 20:56 – full moon
August 21, 07:46 — The Moon is 0.3° north of Saturn
August 21 – Moon at perigee
August 27, 16:46 – Moon 5° north of Jupiter
August 28, 02:46 — Moon 5° north of Mars

September
September 1, 13:46 – Moon 4° north of Mercury
September 3, 03:27 – new moon
September 5 – Mercury at western elongation (18°, morning visibility)
September 5 – Moon at its apogee
September 5, 12:46 — Moon 1.7° south of Venus
September 8, 07:19 — Saturn at opposition
September 11, 08:21 – first quarter of the Moon
September 17, 13:46 — The Moon is 0.2° south of Saturn
September 18, 05:34 — lunar eclipse (not visible from the territory of the Russian Federation)
September 18, 07:09 – full moon
September 18 – Moon at perigee
September 21 – Neptune at opposition
September 22 – day of the autumnal equinox
September 24, 20:58 last quarter of the moon
September 25, 16:46 – Moon 4° north of Mars

October
October 1, 00:09 — Mercury conjunct the Sun
October 2, 22:02 – new moon, solar eclipse (not visible from the territory of the Russian Federation)
October 2 – Moon at its apogee
October 3, 02:46 — Moon 2° south of Mercury
October 6, 00:46 — Moon 4° south of Venus
October 9 – Draconid meteor shower (most active)
October 10 – Southern Taurids meteor shower (most active)
October 10, 23:22 – first quarter of the Moon
October 14, 21:46 — The Moon is 0.5° south of Saturn
October 17, 14:21 – full moon
October 17 — Moon at perigee
October 23, 22:46 – Moon 3° north of Mars
October 24, 12:06 – last quarter of the Moon
October 29 — Moon at its apogee

November
November 1, 16:30 – new moon
November 3, 09:46 – Moon 3° south of Mercury
November 5, 03:46 – Moon 3° south of Venus
November 9, 08:35 – first quarter of the Moon
November 11, 05:46 — The Moon is 0.2° south of Saturn
November 13 – Northern Taurids meteor shower (most active)
November 14 — Moon at perigee
November 16, 00:51 – full moon
November 16 – Mercury at eastern elongation (23°, evening visibility)
November 17, 17:46 – Moon 5° north of Jupiter
November 17 – Uranus at opposition
November 18 – Leonids meteor shower (most active)
November 20, 23:46 – Moon 1.9° north of Mars
November 23, 02:59 – last quarter of the Moon
November 26 — Moon at its apogee

December
December 1, 07:53 – new moon
December 5, 02:46 — Moon 2° south of Venus
December 8, 00:00 — Jupiter at opposition
December 8, 10:46 — The Moon is 0.6° south of Saturn
December 8, 19:11 – first quarter of the moon
December 12 — Moon at perigee
December 14 – Geminids meteor shower (most active)
December 15, 12:11 – full moon
December 18, 12:46 — Moon 0.1° south of Mars
December 21 – winter solstice
December 22, 23:28 – last quarter of the Moon
December 23 – Ursids meteor shower (most active)
December 24 — Moon at its apogee
December 25 – Mercury at western elongation (22°, morning visibility)
December 31, 01:15 – new moon

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